While the debate on whether global warming is real or not goes on, there are clear indications of shifts in climatic patterns all over the world. Polar ice areas have now shrunk to unprecedented levels and we are now experiencing extreme precipitation and extreme drought events more frequently and this is taking a toll on civil infrastructure. Tornadoes, typhoons and hurricanes are getting more frequent and more powerful. Coastal structures, such as harbours, levees, etc, are increasingly being subjected to loads in excess of their design loads. Clearly, there is a need to assess the effect of extreme loading events on civil infrastructure.
Extreme Events Research
Another aspect of this research area of excellence is studying the response of structures subjected to more frequent seismic and wave loading (e.g. in case of a tsunami). One major effect of melting polar ice is the thawing of permafrost that surrounds the polar region, which is causing major serviceability issues in the northern communities. Given that most of new development in Canada’s energy and resource sectors is taking place in these northern communities, it has become very important to study the behaviour of thawing permafrost and its effect on infrastructure, such as buildings, highways and railroads.
Professors involved and their research
Effect of Climate Change on Geotechnical and Geo-Environmental Infrastructure
There is irrefutable scientific evidence that climate change is real. Global air and ocean temperatures are rising and are accompanied by widespread melting of snow and ice and rising sea levels. Average increase in temperature in Canada is double the global average. Of the many techniques that have been developed for climate change risk assessment, very few have resulted in effective risk mitigation strategies. This research program is focused on quantifying the effect of climate change and developing mitigation strategies for geotechnical design problems involving surface moisture and energy balance, such as: (a) fate and transport of contaminants in the subsurface; (b) analysis, design and performance of soil covers for waste applications; and, (c) behavior of expansive soils and associated geotechnical design considerations. The goal of this research program is to enhance our understanding of the effect of various climatic variables on geotechnical design procedures and to develop mitigation strategies to address the issues related to climate change.
There is a general consensus in the scientific community that the threat of climate change is real and the climate change process will continue over the next century. For certain locations in Canada, the climate is expected to become more wet with an increase in the annual number of extreme precipitation events. Typically, in Ontario, soil slopes and embankments are composed of unsaturated soils where the strength of the slope is highly dependent on the quantity of moisture in the soil. Therefore, any increase in rainfall due to climate change will significantly alter the embankment stability. Failure of embankments along a transportation network can have large socio-economic impacts, and it is therefore imperative that we understand and quantify how climate change will affect embankment stability.
One of the Ministry of Transportation Ontario’s (MTO) priority is sustaining infrastructure by investing in innovation that directly supports infrastructure sustainability. This research project is funded by MTO and directly contributes to this priority by assessing the effect of climate change on highway embankments. As part of this project, stability of embankments for different climate change scenarios at various locations across Ontario will be assessed. The stability assessments for future climate will be compared with those using historical climate data. Based on the findings of this study a risk register will be developed which will categorize the risk as High, Medium and Low based on a number of criteria including climate change information and probability and impact of failure. This project will result in development of an Embankment Stability Climate Change Information Management System (ESCCIM), which will assist in quantifying the effect of climate change on embankment stability.
Pk S, Bashir R, Beddoe R. (2018). Effect of Climate Change on Soil Embankments. Environmental Geotechnics. DOI: 10.1680/jenge.18.00068
PK S, Bashir R, Beddoe R. (2018). Quantification of climate change impacts on road embankments in Ontario. Geo Edmonton 2018, the 71st Canadian Geotechnical Conference, Edmonton, Canada
Bashir R, Beddoe R, and PK S. (2017) Climate Change Effects on Stability of Embankments. Report submitted to Ministry of Transportation, ON. Highway Infrastructure and Innovation Funding Program (HIIFP) 2016
This course introduces the student to aspects of fundamentals and applications of mass, momentum, and heat transport in environmental engineering and will be introduced to concepts of advection, diffusion, dispersion, settling, surface transfer, kinetics and equilibrium processes in air, water and soil. There are no prerequisites for this course.
This course introduces the student to aspects of molecular biology of environmental engineering processes and will be introduced to modern techniques and practices in biotechnology and bioengineering and develops the basic skills required to design an environmental biotechnology. There are no prerequisites for this course.
This course is aimed specifically at Engineers who need a broad base introduction to analytical instrumentation tools for the measurement of different chemical, structure, and biological properties and processes. There are no prerequisites for this course.
Soil properties and behaviour examined using Critical State Soil Mechanics (CSSM). Topics include: soil as a geomaterial; soil properties and their measurement; soil constitutive modelling; isotropic and anisotropic elastic models; plasticity theory; elastic-plastic model; Cam-clay model; critical states; shear strength of soils; stress-dilatancy; elastic-viscoplastic model; applications of elastic-plastic soil models. Students are expected to have completed an undergraduate course in Soil Mechanics or an equivalent course.
Soil properties and behaviour examined using Critical State Soil Mechanics (CSSM). Topics include: soil as a geomaterial; soil properties and their measurement; soil constitutive modelling; isotropic and anisotropic elastic models; plasticity theory; elastic-plastic model; Cam-clay model; critical states; shear strength of soils; stress-dilatancy; elastic-viscoplastic model; applications of elastic-plastic soil models. Students are expected to have completed an undergraduate course in Soil Mechanics or an equivalent course.
This course provides students a fundamental understanding of geosynthetic design for a geotechnical engineer. The course focuses on the manufacturing and industrial applications of a wide variety of geosynthetics, design calculations and considerations and evaluation of a geosynthetic design failure. There are no prerequisites for this course.
This course provides students a fundamental understanding of the basic principles of unsaturated soil mechanics presented as an extension of classical saturated soil mechanics. Students are expected to have completed soil mechanics/geotechnical engineering course at the undergraduate level.
This course presents the planning, analysis, and design of shallow and deep foundations at an advanced level. This course is designed to fully prepare a student to carry out sub-surface investigations, analysis and design of shallow and deep foundations.
This course is designed to develop a student’s understanding of how geohazards impact geotechnical engineers. The course is designed to first develop the student’s knowledge on the triggers, mechanisms and risks associated with geohazards such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, floods, tsunami’s before focusing on landslide susceptibility and risk.
This course investigates soil behaviour as observed using hands-on geotechnical laboratory and field testing techniques. The main goal of the course is to develop the student’s knowledge of commonly used laboratory and field tests so that the student is able to conduct such tests with confidence and is able to evaluate the results obtained from such tests critically. Classwork includes design, execution, analysis, interpretation, and formal reporting of the testing methodologies and results. Pre-requisite: LE/CIVL 3210 Geotechnical Engineering (or equivalent) or Permission of the Instructor.
Principles and applications of ground improvement techniques. Topics include: Densification, compaction, prefabricated drains (PVDs), vacuum preloading, electrokinetics, chemical stabilization, soil freezing, grouting, soil reinforcement using geosynthetics, anchors, nails and micropiles, stone columns, deep cement mixing (DCM) columns.
This course advances the student’s knowledge of undergraduate hydrogeology through theory and computer simulations. The course will focus on saturated flow in porous media, followed by mechanics of pumping of confined and unconfined aquifers. Contaminant hydrogeology will also be introduced. There are no prerequisites for this course.
This course provides students a fundamental understanding of the flow and transport in the vadose zone. Theoretical as well as applied aspects of various processes and mechanisms of flow and transport are presented within the context of contaminant migration and remediation.
This course introduces students to contaminant hydrogeology through theory, field visits, and computer simulations and focuses on contaminant fate and transport, multiphase flow and fractured networks, and end with an investigation into new and emerging environmental pollutants. There are no prerequisites for this course.
This course outlines the design and operation of site remediation activities. It expands the students’ knowledge about subsurface contaminant fate and transport and delves into site remediation technologies. The course will include a site visit to an active remediation site and introduce students to new and emerging technologies. There are no prerequisites for this course.
This course provides students with an understanding of advanced topics in reinforced concrete analysis and design. The content focuses on detailed sectional analysis, slender columns and strut and tie models, and the Modified Compression Field Theory for shear design. Students are expected to have completed reinforced concrete design at the undergraduate level.
This course provides students with an introduction to modern seismology, ground-faulting and characteristics of earthquakes, derivation of the dynamic equations of motion of multi-degree of freedom systems, time-history analysis to ground excitations, damping, nonlinear hysteresis, nonlinear spectra, modal properties, analysis in the frequency domain, torsional response of structures, performance limit states and principles of base isolation.
This course provides students with an understanding of the mechanics and fundamental concepts of prestressed reinforced concrete. The content will include analysis and design principles according to Canadian design standards. The course will culminate with an applied design project of a prestressed concrete structure. Students are expected to have completed reinforced concrete design at the undergraduate level.
This course provides students with an introduction to seismic design of reinforced concrete structures. Topics range from a review of seismic hazard to the requirements of the National Building Code to state of the art in seismic design philosophy. Students are expected to have completed reinforced concrete design at the undergraduate level. Structural Dynamics & Earthquake Engineering (GS/CIVL 6411) is a prerequisite.
This course provides students with an understanding of advanced topics in the design of steel structures. Topics will include principles of local and global buckling and stability; plastic design of steel structures; plate girders; and composite members. Emphasis will be placed on overall structural analysis and design. Students are expected to have completed structural steel design at the undergraduate level.
This course provides students with tools in bridge engineering from an understanding of bridge loads, to simplified and advanced methods of analysis, to planning and selection of bridge systems, to design of reinforced concrete, structural steel, and prestressed reinforced bridges and their management, maintenance and monitoring, including corrosion repair. Students are expected to have completed reinforced concrete and structural steel design courses at the undergraduate level.
This course comprises cutting-edge, new concepts and technological developments in structural engineering. Topics include: computer-based modelling of structures; seismic assessment of existing structures; and, novel construction materials in structural engineering.
This course deals with fundamentals of transportation engineering, essential elements of geometric design of highways, traffic safety, and principles of transportation planning and traffic demand forecasting. There are no prerequisites for this course.
This course provides students with an introduction to sustainable design of pavements for highways, airports and other industrial applications. Pavement materials and principles of analysis and design of pavements are covered in detail. There are no prerequisites for this course.
This course introduces the students to essential features of intelligent transportation systems (ITS) and provides them with the opportunity to explore and investigate the applications of ITS in delivering safe and efficient transportation systems and in preserving of transportation assets. There are no prerequisites for this course.
This course is designed to provide students with a strong theoretical and methodological foundation in road safety analysis. It focuses on the analysis of road collision data, the evaluation of safety countermeasures, the roadway safety management process, and the roadway design consistency. There are no prerequisites for this course.
The Graduate Seminar Series comprises at least twelve individual seminar events organized by the Department of Civil Engineering approximately once a month throughout the academic year and an annual conference-style all-day Graduate Symposium in which MASc and PhD students give presentations based on their respective research projects. Each MASc student is expected to give at least one presentation at the Graduate Symposium. Each PhD student is expected to give at least two presentations at the Graduate Symposium. All graduate students (MASC and PhD) are required to attend at least 10 graduate seminars during the course of their respective degree programs.
Thesis requirement for Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) degree in Civil Engineering. All PhD students must maintain a continuous registration in this course for the entire duration of their degree program. There are no prerequisites for this course.
Thesis requirement for Master of Applied Science (MASc) degree in Civil Engineering. All MASc students must maintain continuous registration in this course for the entire duration of their program. There are no prerequisites for this course.
Introduction to the theory and applications of both differential and integral calculus. Limits. Derivatives of algebraic and trigonometric functions. Riemann sums, definite integrals and the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus. Logarithms and exponentials, Extreme value problems, Related rates, Areas and Volumes. Prerequisite: SC/MATH 1515 3.00 or SC/MATH 1520 3.00, or a high school calculus course. Course credit exclusions: SC/MATH 1000 3.00, SC/MATH 1300 3.00, SC/MATH 1505 6.00, SC/MATH 1513 6.00, SC/MATH 1530 3.00, SC/MATH 1550 6.00, GL/MATH/MODR 1930 3.00, AP/ECON 1530 3.00. Prior to Fall 2009: Prerequisite: AS/SC/MATH 1515 3.00 or AS/SC/MATH 1520 3.00, or a high school calculus course. Course credit exclusions: AS/SC/MATH 1000 3.00, AK/AS/SC/MATH 1300 3.00, AS/SC/MATH 1505 6.00, AS/SC/MATH 1513 6.00, AS/MATH 1530 3.00, AK/AS/MATH 1550 6.00, GL/MATH/MODR 1930 3.00, AS/ECON 1530 3.00.
Topics include spherical and cylindrical coordinates in Euclidean 3-space, general matrix algebra, determinants, vector space concepts for Euclidean n-space (e.g. linear dependence and independence, basis, dimension, linear transformations etc.), an introduction to eigenvalues and eigenvectors. Prerequisites: One 12U or OAC mathematics course or equivalent. Course credit exclusions: SC/MATH 1021 3.00, SC/MATH 2021 3.00, SC/MATH 2221 3.00, GL/MATH/MODR 26503.00. Prior to Fall 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/AS/SC/MATH 1021 3.00, AS/SC/MATH 2021 3.00, AK/AS/SC/MATH 2221 3.00, GL/MATH/MODR 2650 3.00.
Survey of the fundamental concepts of statics and dynamics with an emphasis on engineering applications. This is a calculus-based course intended primarily for engineering students. It includes tutorial and laboratory components. Three lecture hours per week; Two laboratory hours per week (for a total of Nine sessions); One tutorial hour per week. One term. Three credits. Prerequisites: 12U Physics or OAC Physics or SC/PHYS 1510 4.00. MHF4U Advanced Functions and MCV4U Calculus and Vectors, or 12U Advanced Functions and Introductory Calculus, or OAC Algebra and OAC Calculus. Corequisites: SC/MATH 1013 3.00 or SC/MATH 1300 3.00 or SC/MATH 1505 6.00. Course Credit Exclusions: SC/PHYS 1010 6.00, SC/PHYS 1410 6.00, SC/PHYS 1420 6.00.
LE EECS 1011 Computational Thinking Through Mechatronics:
The Objectives of 1011 are threefold:providing a first exposure to procedural programming, teaching students a set of soft computing skills (such as reasoning about algorithms, tracing programs, test-driven development), and demonstrating how computers are used in a variety of engineering disciplines. It uses problem-based pedagogy to expose the underlying concepts and an experiential laboratory to implement them. An integrated computingnenvironment (such as MATLAB) is used so that students can pick up key programming concepts(such as variables and control flow) without being exposed to complex or abstract constructs. The problems are chosen with consultation with the various engineering disciplines in the Faculty with a view of exposing how computing is used in these disciplines. Two hours per week for instructors lectures and three hours per week for lab work and tutorials. Prerequisites: None. Course credit exclusions: LE/EECS1541 3.00.
LE ENG 1101 Renaissance Engineer 1: Ethics, Communication and Problem Solving:
Who is an engineer and what are his/her ethical and academic integrity obligations; communications strategies for technical subjects in oral and written forms; dealing with ambiguity, uncertainties, and open ended problems in a technical context, problem definition strategies. 4 hours per week lectures and 1 hour per week tutorial session.
SC PHYS 1801 Electricity, Magnetism and Optics for Engineers:
A survey of physics in which fundamental concepts in electricity, magnetism and optics are emphasized through engineering applications. This is a calculus-based course intended primarily for engineering students. It includes tutorial and laboratory components. Three lecture hours per week. Two laboratory hours per week (for a total of 9 sessions). One tutorial hour per week. One term. Three credits. Prerequisites: SC/PHYS 1800 3.00. Course Credit Exclusions: SC/PHYS 1010 6.00, SC/PHYS 1410 6.00, SC/PHYS 1420 6.00
SC CHEM 1100 Chemistry and Materials Science for Engineers:
The course is designed for Engineering students interested in refreshing and expending their general chemistry knowledge while exploring the relationship between structure of matter, properties and processing. This course will focus mainly at covering important introductory concept to understand solution chemistry including reactivity, thermochemistry, structure and properties of materials. The course is divided in six sections. The first section covers an introduction to the topic of Materials Science and its impact on our daily lives as well as future trends and review key chemistry concepts required for this course. The second section will present the states of matter (gas, liquid and solid), their physical characteristics and the forces holding materials together (bonding and intermolecular forces). The third section will expend on the liquid phase and properties of solutions including equilibrium, solubility, pH and pKa. The fourth section will deal with thermochemistry and its first law with an emphasis on enthalpy as well as phase changes and phase diagrams. Section six will present an introduction to the properties of solids (electronic and mechanical) and criteria in the selection of materials will also be discussed. Section seven will present in more details structure-properties and processing of soft materials (natural and artificial polymer) in the context of the material covered in the other sections. Four lecture hours per week, one tutorial hour per week, and three hours of laboratory or active learning exercises every other week. One term. Four credits. Prerequisites: 12U chemistry or equivalent. Course credit exclusion: SC/CHEM 1000 3.00.
LE EECS 1021 Object Oriented Programming from Sensors to Actuators:
The objective of 1021 is to introduce computational thinking – a process-based approach to problem solving. It uses a problem-based pedagogy to expose the underlying concepts and an experiential laboratory to implement them. The programming language is chosen so that it is widely used in a variety of applications, is object-oriented, and is of industrial strength (Java is an example of such a language). The problems are chosen in order to expose abstract programming concepts by immersing them in relevant and engaging applications. The experiential laboratory is based on sensors and actuators that connect to a computer. The problems are chosen with consultation with the various engineering disciplines in the Faculty with a view of exposing how computing is used in these disciplines. Tw hours per week lectures and three hours per week for lab work and tutorials. Prerequisites: LE/EECS1011 3.00. Course credit exclusions: LE/EECS 1022 3.00, LE/EECS1020 3.00, LE/CSE 1020 3.00, AK/AS/SC/CSE 1020 3.00.
This course provides essential topics in Earth environment (Earth and oceanic science, atmospheric science, and geology) and explores the role played by global and local scale processes in shaping our planet. Concepts are described; the latest technology discussed, and links between engineering disciplines are provided. The course lectures are complemented by hands-on laboratory and field experience. Prerequisites: 12U calculus and vectors or 12U advanced functions and introductory calculus (pre 2007 version) or equivalent, or SC/MATH 1515 3.00; 12U physics or SC/PHYS 1510 4.00.
LE ENG 1102 Renaissance Engineer 2 Engineering Design Principles:
This course will cover: engineering design methodology; features and elements of good design with environment and human interface considerations; aesthetics in design and idea communication using graphics and technical drawings. Lectures: 4 hours per week for 12 weeks. Tutorials: 1 hour per week for 12 weeks Pre-req.: LE ENG 1101 4.0.
SC MATH 2015 Applied Multivariate and Vector Calculus:
Topics covered include partial derivatives; grad, div, curl and Laplacian operators; line and surface integrals; theorems of Gauss and Stokes; double and triple integrals in various coordinate systems; extrema and Taylor series for multivariate functions. Prerequisite: One of SC/MATH 1010 3.00, SC/MATH 1014 3.00, SC/MATH 1310 3.00; or SC/MATH 1505 6.00 plus permission of the course coordinator. Course credit exclusions: SC/MATH 2010 3.00, SC/MATH 2310 3.00, GL/MATH/MODR 2670 3.00, GL/MATH 3200 3.00. Prior to Fall 2009: Prerequisite: One of AS/SC/MATH 1010 3.00, AS/SC/MATH 1014 3.00, AK/AS/SC/MATH 1310 3.00; or AS/SC/MATH 1505 6.00 plus permission of the course coordinator. Course credit exclusions: AS/SC/MATH 2010 3.00, AK/AS/SC/MATH 2310 3.00, GL/MATH/MODR 2670 3.00, GL/MATH 3200 3.00.
SC MATH 2930 Introductory Probability and Statistics:
This is an applied probability and statistics course for engineering students. The aim is to provide an application oriented introduction to probability and statistics. The examples will be from a wide selection of engineering disciplines. The probability component is about 30% of the lectures. About 40% of the time, the lectures and tutorials focus on solving practical statistical problems that emerge from engineering problems. Three lecture hours per week. One mandatory tutorial per week. Prerequisites: SC/MATH 1014 3.00 or equivalent; SC/MATH 1025 3.00 or equivalent; LE/EECS 1011 3.00 or equivalent. Course credit exclusions: SC/MATH 1131 3.00; SC/MATH 2560 3.00; SC/MATH 2570 3.00; SC/MATH 2565 3.00.
This course presents essential topics in physical geology and earth sciences, including: plate tectonics and the geological cycle; identification and physical properties of rocks, soil and minerals; igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rock formation; weathering and soil formation; structural geology and geological mapping; relative age relationships; and, near-surface geological processes and resulting landforms. The course also briefly introduces the students to the topics of earthquakes, landslides and other natural hazards and develops links to the physical properties. Prerequisite: ESSE 1012 3.00.
LE ENG 2001 Engineering Projects: Management, Economics and Safety:
Introduction to the management, economics and safety as they relate to engineering projects, including the following. Project management: work breakdown structures, Gantt charts, logic diagrams and change management. Engineering economics: time value of money, comparison methods, rates of return. Workplace safety. Group design projects. Weekly tutorial. Prerequisites: LE/ENG 1101 4.00 or LE/ENG 1000 6.0.
Chemical, physical and mechanical properties of common civil engineering materials, such as Portland cement, concrete, metals and alloys, wood, asphalt, masonry, and polymer composites; phenomenological basis for the properties of these materials; introduction to material characterization and quality control. Prerequisites: SC/CHEM 1100 4.00.
This course provides an introduction to computer-aided drawing with applications in civil engineering and related disciplines. Students will learn about the principles of engineering drawings, create typical drawings using Computer-aided Drawing (CAD) tools, and read and interpret civil and geomatics engineering drawings. Prerequisites: LE/ENG 1102 4.00.
SC MATH 2271 Differential Equations for Scientists and Engineers:
Introduction to ordinary and partial differential equations, including their classification, boundary conditions, and methods of solution. Equations, methods, and solutions relevant to science and engineering are emphasized, and exploration is encouraged with the aid of software. Three lecture hours per week. One term. Three credits. Prerequisites: One of SC/MATH 2010 3.00, SC/MATH 2015 3.00, SC/MATH 2310 3.00 or equivalent; one of SC/MATH 1025 3.00, SC/MATH 2022 3.00, SC/MATH 2222 3.00 or equivalent. Course Credit Exclusions: SC/MATH 2270 3.00, GL/MATH 3400 3.00 Prior to Fall 2009: Prerequisites: One of AS/SC/MATH 2010 3.00, AS/SC/MATH 2015 3.00, AS/SC/MATH 2310 3.00 or equivalent; one of AS/SC/MATH 1025 3.00, AS/SC/MATH 2022 3.00, AS/SC/MATH 2222 3.00 or equivalent. Course Credit Exclusions: AS/SC/MATH 2270 3.00, GL/MATH 3400 3.00.
Students learn to effectively employ communication strategies essential to a successful engineering career, including the social, rhetorical, ethical, and practical aspects of professional communications. The focus is on building individuals confidence and judgment through communications assignments based on case studies. Two lecture hours per week. Two laboratory hours per week. Prerequisites: LE/ENG 1101 4.0.
Introduction to principles of engineering design via application to a suitable civil engineering project. Students work in groups of 3 or 4, with periodic monitoring of group interaction and performance. Deliverables include a formal design report and a formal oral presentation in front of peers and invited guests. Students' learning experience is enhanced through guest lectures from prominent member of civil engineering industry and academia. Prerequisites: LE ENG 2001 3.00, LE CIVL 2150 3.00 Co-requisites: LE/ENG 2003 3.00.
This course covers the basic properties of fluids and their measurement; fluid statics; kinematics of fluid flow; measurement of pressure; velocity and discharge; conservation of mass, momentum and energy; laminar and turbulent flow through pipes. Bernoulli's equation and its applications is also introduced. Prerequisites: SC/MATH 1014 3.00, SC/PHYS 1800 3.00.
This course builds on the concepts learned in first year engineering mechanics and emphasizes the understanding and application of three fundamental concepts in solid mechanics – equilibrium, constitutive relationships and compatibility. These concepts are introduced and reinforced using specific examples of axially-loaded members, pure bending, bending combined with shear, and torsion of circular shafts. The students are introduced to basic structural engineering design through simple examples of beam design for bending stresses and deformation. The course also introduces the students to the concept of two-dimensional transformation of stresses and strains using Mohr’s circle. Prerequisites: SC/PHYS 1800 3.00.
LE CIVL 2240 Introduction to Environmental Engineering:
Physical environment and how it is influenced by human activity; Mass and energy balance of environmental systems; environmental pollution and its causes; basic principles in chemistry and physics to explain the behaviour of pollutants in the environment (air, land and water); contaminant transport through air, water and solids; application of environmental engineering principles to water and wastewater treatment, water resources management, environmental impact assessment; environmental ethics; greenhouse effect; ozone depletion; acid precipitation; sustainable development and life cycle assessment; overview of environmental quality objectives, standards and guidelines. Prerequisites: LE/ESSE 1012 3.00 or SC/CHEM 1100 4.00.
This course provides fundamental concepts in land surveying where students obtain extensive handson experience in the use of land surveying instruments and in the essentials of survey practice in Civil Engineering domain. Coordinates systems, positioning concepts, measurements of distances, angles and leveling, survey calculations, Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) measurements, horizontal and vertical control survey networks, sources of error, and corrections and adjustments are introduced. Application exercises include use of geodetic instruments, point positioning, topographic mapping, route surveys, and construction surveying. Concepts of various geomatics positioning techniques such as photogrammetry, Remote Sensing (RS), Laser scanning (e.g. lidar) and global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) as well as the use Geographic Information Systems (GIS) systems are also covered. Prerequisite: ESSE1012 3.0; MATH 2930 3.0; CIVIL 2150 3.0 or permission of the instructor.
An introduction to the legal and ethical frameworks of the engineering profession, preparing students for the Professional Practice Examination required for certification as a professional engineer. Also covered are associated professional issues such as entrepreneurship, intellectual property and patents. Three lecture hours per week. One term. Three credits. Prerequisites: Second-year engineering courses (stream specific), including LE/ENG 2001 3.00 and LE/ENG 1000 6.00. Prior to Summer 2013: Prerequisites: Second-year engineering courses (stream specific), including SC/ENG 2001 3.00 (or SC/ENG 2000 6.0 prior to 2009) and SC/ENG 1000 6.00. Course credit exclusions: LE/SC/CSE 3000 3.00, LE/SC/CSE 3001 1.00, LE/SC/CSE 3002 1.00, SC/PHYS 3001 1.00, LE/SC/EATS 3001 1.00.
ES ENVS 2150 Environment, Technology and Sustainable Society I:
This course introduces the various technical, socio-political and philosophical issues associated with the concept of sustainable society. Emphasis is placed on the analysis of the complex relationship between humans, technology, nature, ideology and the social infrastructure. Note: This course is intended for those enrolled in Engineering Programs but may be taken by permission of the instructor if space is available. ES/ENVS 2150 3.00 is not open to Environmental Studies students.
The course presents essential topics in engineering geology and soil mechanics, including geological cycle, the origin and nature of soils, soil identification and classification, site investigation techniques, compaction, seepage theory, groundwater flow nets, stresses and strains in soils, effective stress concept, consolidation, and shear strength of soils. Emphasis is on learning of fundamental soil mechanics concepts using examples of their application to geotechnical engineering. Laboratory practicum component of the course provides hands-on experience of laboratory tests that are commonly used for determination of physicochemical and engineering properties of soils. Prerequisites: LE/ESSE 1012 3.00; LE/CIVL 2160 3.0; LE/CIVL 2210 3.00 or LE/CIVL 2210 4.00; LE/CIVL 2220 3.00 or LE/CIVL 2220 4.00.
This course focuses on fundamentals of hydrostatics and hydrodynamics; flow potential; dimensional analysis; boundary layer development; transient and steady-state flow conditions; flow of water through open and closed conduits, notches, orifices, and weirs; flow of water past objects. Prerequisites: LE/CIVL 2210 3.00 or LE/CIVL 2210 4.00.
The course emphasizes the basic concepts of structural analysis and introduces and computer-aided analytical techniques. Internal forces in trusses and plane frames ; Bending moment, shear-force and axial-force diagrams in statically determinant structures due to applied loads; methods for estimating deflections; introduction of matrix structural analysis using the stiffness method and its application to 2-D trusses and frames; hand-calculation methods for statically indeterminate structures. Prerequisites: LE/ CIVL 2220 3.00 or LE/CIVL 2220 4.00.
LE CIVL 3140 Civil Engineering Computational Methods:
The course deals with the use of analytical and numerical techniques for solving civil engineering problems. Topics include: matrix solution methods for systems of coupled equations, eigenvalue problems, and coordinate transformations; optimization and linear programming; and the solution of differential equations describing non-stationary physical systems using analytical, finite difference and finite element methods. Prerequisites: LE/EECS 1021 3.00, SC/MATH 2271 3.00.
The course focuses on practical applications of soil mechanics concepts to the analysis and design of foundations, excavations, earth-retaining systems and slopes. Topics include: analysis and design of shallow foundations in terms of bearing capacity and settlement; analysis and design and deep foundations including driven and bored piles; analysis and design of earth retaining systems; and, slope stability. Practicum component includes hands-on experience in extracting design parameters from results of site investigation and laboratory tests and preparing a geotechnical design report. Prerequisites: LE/CIVL 3110 3.0.
The course introduces basic hydrological processes such as precipitation, evapotranspiration, runoff, infiltration, interception, and depression storage. It also covers engineering applications such as stream flow and storm hydrographs, flood routing, hydrological analyses and design, and watershed simulation. Prerequisites: SC/MATH 2930 3.00; LE/CIVL 2210 4.00.
This course provides a review of: basic structural systems, including gravity and lateral load-resisting systems; principles of Limit States Design according to the National Building Code (NBC) of Canada; and dead and live loads, snow and rain loads, and loads due to wind based on the NBC. Properties of structural steel and reinforced concrete will be discussed. Design of structural steel including tension members, compression members, beams, and connections will be based on CSA S16. Design of reinforced concrete according to CSA A23.3 will include: beams in flexural and shear; and columns under axial load, and combined axial load and bending. Prerequisites: LE/CIVL 2120 3.00; LE/CIVL 3130 3.00.
LE CIVL 3240 Sanitary and Environmental Engineering:
Topics in this introductory sanitary and environmental engineering course include: environmental regulations; general wastewater quality parameters; the design of municipal water distribution and wastewater collection systems; basic water chemistry and water quality assessment; physical and chemical treatment processes involved in water and wastewater treatment; brief overview of urban storm water collection systems and the integration of unit processes and operations into a treatment system. Prerequisites: LE/CIVL 2240 3.00; LE/CIVL 3120 3.00 or LE/CIVL 3120 4.00.
LE CIVL 4000 Civil Engineering Capstone Design Project
A small group of students will work as a team to undertake a Civil Engineering industryâprovided design project. The design solution will include the application of civil engineering knowledge and skills. The course builds on LE/CIVL 2000. Students apply at a professional level the knowledge and skills they have acquired from the Civil Engineering program and receive guidance and expert advice from guest speakers from civil engineering industry and academia on topics related to their design projects. Deliverables include progress reports, a comprehensive design report and a formal oral presentation to an audience comprising peers, instructors and industry professionals. The students are evaluated on their teamwork as well as on individual contributions. The evaluations include instructor evaluations as well as self and peer evaluations.
The course builds on the basic principles of project management covered in LE/ENG 2001. It covers salient features of the most widely accepted practices in the management of large civil engineering projects, grouped sequentially into five phases of initiation, planning, execution, monitoring/control, and closure. These five phases are presented using twelve areas of expertise needed by a professional project manager. The course uses a case-studies-based approach to cover various elements of project management, such as scope, time, cost, quality, human resources, communication, risk and procurement, relevant to large civil engineering projects. Complexities of managing large projects are emphasized using example applications of advanced project control tools. International standards on project management are also introduced.
LE/CIVL 4210 Civil Engineering for a Sustainable Future
Essential components of sustainable development framework; review of completed and on-going civil engineering projects using such a framework; discussions on environmental, socio-economic impacts and costs of these projects; sustainable development strategies in the light of infrastructure deficit, adaption of infrastructure to climate change, and water security; ways of building sustainable engineering capacity in the developing world.
Prerequisite(s): ENVS 2150 or ESSE 2210; LE/CIVL 4110 Civil Engineering Project Management.
Modern methods of structural analysis related to statically indeterminate structures. The flexibility and stiffness methods of analysis. Matrix formulation and computer analysis. Analysis of structural systems including continuous beams, frames, and trusses. Introduction to the finite element method.
Behaviour and design of reinforced concrete members subjected to biaxial bending, torsion, lateral loads and two-way action. Limit States and ultimate strength methods for beams and one-way slabs (singly and doubly reinforced) in flexure and shear. Two-way slab systems. Strip method, direct design approach and equivalent frame analysis of two-way slabs. Yield-line theory of slabs. Moment re-distribution. Design of short beam-columns. Deflection, cracking and vibration control. Design of footings. Prerequisite(s): LE/CIVL 3130 3.00; LE/CIVL 3230.300.
Properties of structural steel. Introduction to design of structural steel members and connections according to CSA S16 Design of Steel Structures. Limit states design principles. Design of tension members, compression members, and beam-columns. Composite design. Local and lateral torsional buckling. Strength and stability of columns. Shear and tension strength of bolts, prying action, and design of base plates.
Review of kinematics and dynamics of particles and rigid bodies. Introduction to structural dynamics. Single-degree-of-freedom systems including equation of motion, free- and forced-vibration, damped and undamped response. Multiple-degree-of-freedom systems. Seismic response of structures and response spectrum for earthquake motions. Prerequisite(s): LE/CIVL 3130 3.00; LE/CIVL 3230 3.00.
Topics include: embankments, geosynthetic reinforced steep slopes and retaining walls, earth and mine tailings dams, deep excavations and tunnels. The role of instrumentation to ensure the safety of earth structures and to determine their performance during their service life is also presented. Application of key concepts is emphasized during hands-on computer sessions based on the state-of-the-art geotechnical software. Prerequisite(s): LE/CIVL 3210; LE/CIVL 3140.
Groundwater flow on a regional scale; aquifers, aquitards and aquicludes; interconnectivity of surface water and groundwater systems; contaminant transport via groundwater; hydrogeology of oil extraction; groundwater flow modeling. Prerequisite(s): LE/CIVL 2240 3.00; LE/CIVL 3110 3.00.
In this course students will examine physical, thermal and mechanical properties of frozen soils, frost action, heat flow in soils and thaw behaviour of frozen ground. The aim of this course is to provide students with an introduction to permafrost engineering. Throughout the course, students will examine topics including: surface features in permafrost, ground ice landforms, thermal regimes in permafrost areas, thermal and mechanical properties of frozen soils, heat flow equations, site investigation in permafrost areas, and foundations and slope stability challenges in permafrost. Prerequisite(s): LE/CIVL 3210.
Application of fluid mechanics fundamentals to design of hydraulic structures; concrete gravity dam and spillway; hydraulic structures used in flood control, irrigation, hydropower generation, navigation, water supply, drainage, watershed preservation, and water parks. Prerequisite(s): LE/CIVL 3120.
Watershed analysis and simulation using state-of-the-art modeling software, such as HEC-HMS; watershed runoff in rural and urban settings; road drainage systems and storm water storage ponds; determination of peak runoffs for hydrological design; water usage analysis for irrigation, hydropower generation and drought management; flood control systems and management of excess water; economics of water resources management. Prerequisite(s): LE/CIVL 3120; LE/CIVL 3220.
Properties and usage of soil and rock as pavement materials; selection and characterization of subgrade, sub-base and base materials; properties and usage of bitumen and asphalt; manufacture and use of bituminous concrete; mix design; use of recycled construction materials in road construction; prediction and characterization of traffic loadings; stress distribution in flexible and rigid pavements; principles of mechanistic design; assessment and prediction of pavement condition; measurement and reporting of physical distress including cracking, rutting and roughness. Prerequisite(s): LE/CIVL 3110 3.00; LE/CIVL 3250 3.00 or LE/CIVL 3260 3.00.
A design-based course where geotechnical and hydrogeological principles are applied to study environmentally sustainable disposal of municipal solid waste. Students will conduct practical design tasks to investigate the planning, design, construction, operation and post-closure of phases of an engineered municipal waste disposal facility. Throughout their design tasks, topics studied will include: source and nature of waste; disposal options; design methodologies; environmental legislation and regulations; public perception; societal and environmental impact of landfills; contaminant transport modeling; use of geosynthetic materials; and design issues and tradeoffs. Prerequisite(s): LE/CIVL 3210 3.00.
LE/CIVL 4042 Environmental Impact Assessment and Sustainability
The course introduces the process of environmental impact assessment (EIA) in the context of sustainable development associated with Canadian agricultural and industrial settings. The role of the EIA process in engineering design and control of adverse environmental effects is illustrated using a number of case studies. The concept of integrated management of resources is used to emphasize the need to achieve a sustainable balance between environmental protection and economic development. Prerequisite(s): LE/CIVL 2240 3.00; LE/CIVL 3210 3.00.
LE/CIVL 4043 Advanced Sanitary and Environmental Engineering
This course introduces advanced topics in the discipline of sanitary/environmental engineering, including design of lime soda ash softening in drinking water treatment, design of biological wastewater treatment systems, and sludge and residual solids management in water and wastewater treatment. An introduction to tertiary wastewater treatment is also provided along with a discussion of wastewater disposal issues. Prerequisite(s): LE/CIVL 3240 3.00.
The fundamental concepts and techniques of GIS are presented along with detailed discussion of computer implementation. The emphases include database management and map analysis/spatial modelling. PC ArcView with Spatial Analyst extension GIS programs are used for hands-on exercises. Prerequisite(s): Permission of the instructor or ESSE Department Chair.
Positioning by space vehicles. Coordinate systems and transformations. GPS, GLONASS, GALILEO, Satellite Laser Ranging, Very Long Baseline Interferometry. Positioning of moving vehicles and platforms: marine, land, airborne and space vehicles. GPS/INS integration. Real time kinematic applications. Prerequisite(s): Permission of the instructor or ESSE Department Chair.
Digital Terrain Modeling concepts. Mathematical techniques in data acquisition, processing, storage, manipulation and applications. DTM. Surface representation using moving averages, linear projection and Kriging techniques. Grid resampling methods and search algorithms. DTM derivatives and applications. LIDAR systems and applications. Prerequisite(s): Permission of the instructor or ESSE Department Chair.
SC/EATS 4220 Remote Sensing of the Earth’s Surface
Principles used in extracting physical information about the Earth’s surface using remote sensing. Remote sensing in the visible, short-wave infrared, thermal infrared and microwave regions is discussed in terms of potential applicability to forestry, agriculture, water resources and geology. Prerequisite(s): Permission of the instructor or ESSE Department Chair.
Hydrography and its role in offshore management. Elements of oceanography, tides and water levels, seabed and sea water properties. Underwater acoustics. Bathymetric and imaging methods. Marine positioning and navigation. Prerequisite(s): Permission of the instructor or ESSE Department Chair.
LE/CIVL 3900 (LE/ENG 3900) Engineering Professional Internship
Optional internship of minimum 13 weeks duration can be taken during summer after the completion of Year 3 of the program. The student should be employed at a place where engineering is practiced; this can be in government, private sector or not-for-profit organizations (including university research labs). Deliverable includes a formal report outlining engineering experience gained with a Pass/Fail grade assigned. The internship should be supervised by a faculty licensed to practice engineering in Canada. Prerequisite(s): Completion of a minimum of 60 credits in Engineering.
This course presents applications of geomechanics and rock engineering principles to design of rock slopes and underground excavations through discussion of case histories and presentation of empirical and numerical design methodologies. The focus will be on surface and underground construction challenges related to the inherent variability of rock and rock mass properties. The use of industry standard design tools and software will be incorporated into analysis and open-ended design problems. Prerequisite: LE/CIVL 3210 3.00.
Transportation is fundamental to the economic prosperity of our society. This course introduces civil engineering students to the fundamental elements of transportation engineering, traffic flow theory, highway capacity analysis, geometric design, traffic safety, road classification, and intelligent transportation systems. Prerequisites: SC/MATH 2930 3.00, LE/ESSE 2635 3.00 or LE/ESSE 2630 3.00. Course Credit Exclusion: LE/CIVL 3250 3.00.
LE/CIVL 3260 Transportation Planning and Evaluation
This course introduces students to the major theories, principles and methods used in the field of transportation planning and evaluation. Under transportation planning, the course considers how transportation planners and decision-makers have historically analyzed the way people and goods move around cities. This includes an examination of the four-step travel demand model (the most widely used model) giving emphasis to the analytical techniques used to forecast future daily traffic demand on a roadway network. Under transportation project evaluation, the course presents fundamental concepts for the economic evaluation of roadway infrastructure improvement projects. Emphasis is placed on user and non-user costs with additional applications of lifecycle cost analysis, benefit-cost analysis, and the integration of these tools to support effective decision making. Prerequisites: LE/ENG 2001 3.00, LE/CIVL 3160 3.00. Course Credit Exclusion: LE/CIVL 4032 3.00.
CIVL 4033 Traffic Simulation Modelling will teach the principles, theories, and application processes of traffic simulation modelling for 4th year Civil Engineering students to understand the complex interactions between traffics and surface infrastructure system. This course covers a variety of topics related to traffic simulation modelling such as car following and gap acceptance theories and swept path analysis. This course also provides students the opportunity to learn how to use the state-of-the-industry simulation tools (e.g., VISSIM, AutoTURN) to make informed decisions on the various surface infrastructure improvement projects. Prerequisites: LE/CIVL 3260 3.00.
CIVL 4034 Freight Transportation builds on core transportation courses by adapting the concepts and theories of passenger transportation to the realm of freight transportation with an emphasis on truck patterns. This topic is regionally important given the prominent role of nearby Peel Region as the largest Canadian hub for freight. The course will cover topics such as traditional freight modelling assumptions, the demand for goods movement arising from economic markets, trip generation models, truck movement models such as truck tours, societal impacts of freight, and future impacts of connected and autonomous (CAV) vehicles. In addition, the course will introduce students to optimization problems such as the transportation problem, p-median, and capacitated plant. Prerequisites: LE/CIVL 3260 3.00.
This course introduces the scientific principles and practical engineering applications of numerical hydrodynamics. Through this course students will be able to solve the free surface flow equations using mostly finite difference techniques. The course also provides an overview of some of the fundamental mathematical equations governing open channel hydraulics. Throughout this course, students learn and develop advanced computational techniques to solve fundamental unsteady varied hydrodynamic flows, where no analytical solution is available.
Data-driven Modelling and Uncertainty Analysis for Water Resources Engineering
This course will introduce and develop advanced engineering, mathematical and statistical techniques for modelling water resource systems and to quantify the uncertainty of these modelling techniques. The course includes 3 modules related to data-driven models (model development and performance testing), statistical methods (design of experiments, hypothesis testing, Bayesian analysis), and fuzzy set theory (fuzzy models, fuzzy arithmetic, fuzzification techniques).